Small business finance refers to the various ways by which an aspiring or already existing business owner obtain cash to begin a new business, buy an existing business or inject money into an already existing business to finance future or current business operation. There are many different sources of small business finance. Some of these include credit cards, personal loans, venture capital, business bank loans, investment funds, property loans and so on. These various small business finance options can be used to finance most any business venture.
Small business loans are one of the most common forms of small business finance. There are several different types of small business loans. These include secured and unsecured small business loans. Secured small business loans are those that require collateral in the form of real estate or personal property. Typically, the interest rates on secured small business loans are a bit higher than those for unsecured small business loans.
The use of accounting software is quite popular in the small business world today. Most companies have a general accounting program, which they use for most financial transactions. However, some companies (such as restaurants) may want to take things a step further and need a specialized small business accounting software program. In this case, the restaurant owners would have to find a company (or people) with the skills and experience required to customize the best accounting software possible. Unfortunately, finding the right person to do this can be difficult.
Another important element of keeping track of your business finances is keeping track of your books. Your accountant will keep track of your income, expenses and balance sheet, but it’s the exact same story with your business bank account. In order to keep accurate records, you’ll need a bookkeeper. Even if you hire the services of your accountant or bookkeeper, it’s very likely they will be part of the “bigger picture” and not view your books from just a ledger.
If you’re business is growing and you have more than one employee, you may also want to consider a cash accounting method. Cash flow will better illustrate your revenue and expenses as well as show your cash flow problems if they exist. In order to determine what method to use, there are several different types of cash accounting methods available to you. The most common is the cash flow method which uses information from your income statement, balance sheet and bank account to determine the operating costs of the business.
Your final component of keeping track of your business finances is to send your accountant a tax return every year. Your accountant can help you with preparing this tax return or provide guidance about how to file it. Some small businesses elect to send their accountant a certified letter of notification that they are planning to file a federal or state tax return. This allows the accountant to prepare your tax return and to file any related documents with the appropriate agencies. For many small business owners, preparing the federal or state tax return is often the responsibility of the CPA who prepares their financial statements. The accountant can assist with these tasks as well, but generally leaves the preparation of the tax return up to him or her.